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Understanding Student Loans System in Australia

By July 31, 2023September 25th, 2023No Comments

Universities and other facilities offer a myriad of different student loans and means in which to pay for higher education. As higher education becomes ever more important in opening up job opportunities, developing an understanding of the way these loans work is a great way to develop confidence in your studies.

Different Types of Student Loans

HECS and HELP are loan programs which provide eligible students with an opportunity to defer the costs of their studies until they start to work. HELP covers costs for general higher education, such as TAFE, Universities or colleges, while HECS loans are specifically for students at public universities and certain private higher education institutions.

HECS and HELP loans are provided for students in ‘Commonwealth Supported Places’, or CSPs. This is where the government pays for part of the total undergraduate course fee, while you pay the rest through these HECS loans. Only certain providers offer CSPs for postgraduate students.

FEE-HELP is another form of commonwealth assistance, but instead of being available for CSPs, it supports students who enroll in courses or institutions where government funding is not provided and the university covers the full cost of the course.

VET loans are offered to cover the fees of vocational and training courses, such as diplomas.

For most students, the loan limit is $113,028. These loans are only available to Australian citizens. You can check your HELP Balance here. You can also see it on the bottom of your Notice of Assessment after the finalization of your tax return.

How Do I Pay?

There are two ways to pay off your student loans.

Compulsory Repayments

As of the start of the 2023 financial year, you must start repaying your student debt once you start earning above $51,550. Income brackets and their corresponding compulsory repayment rates can be found here.

You must tell your employer that you have a HELP debt. They will then use the Pay-As-You-Go (PAYG) system to withhold appropriate amounts from your pay. If your employer is not withholding these amounts from your pay, can complete a ‘withholding declaration’ online to tell your employer to start doing so through your MyGov account. When you complete your tax return, the ATO will determine the size of your compulsory payments. Note that these compulsory payments only appear once your tax return has been finalized.

Voluntary Repayments

You can also choose to voluntarily repay your HECS, which is most commonly done through Bpay or credit card. If you plan on making big contributions towards your debt, it is best to do so before lodging your return to avoid the debt from appearing on your Notice of Assessment, triggering more compulsory payments. If you pay your debt upfront, you can save 10% through the upfront-payment-discount.

Both compulsory and voluntary repayments renew your available HELP balance starting from the 2020 financial year, allowing you to study more later in life.

Salary Packaging Agreements

Salary packaging agreements can also be made by your employer, allowing you to make routine voluntary contributions as well as your compulsory payment. Consistent contributions will only appear on your debt once you have done your tax return. Voluntary repayments are not tax deductible. However, if an employer is making voluntary payments on your behalf, they may be entitled to a tax deduction. Note that this can have fringe benefit tax implications.

Get professional support with your student loan in Australia

At Business Tax & Money House, we can help you understand the tax implications of HELP loans and in making voluntary contributions. Book your appointment today.